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Kaviratna Kalidasa was a famous poet, playwright, and writer who lived in the 5th century AD in India.

He was a renowned poet in the Sanskrit language and is considered one of the greatest poets of ancient India.
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Kaviratna Kalidasa and his Life Story:

Kaviratna Kalidasa, also known as Mahakavi Kalidasa, is one of the most renowned Sanskrit poets in India.

However, there are many stories about his life, and many of them are based on myths and legends.

Here is a summary of some of the popular stories about Kaviratna Kalidasa’s life:

Kaviratna Kalidasa was born in the 4th century CE in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.

According to some stories, he was born under an inauspicious planetary alignment and was abandoned by his parents.

He was found by a sage named Markandeya, who raised him and gave him the name Kalidasa.

As a young man, Kalidasa was not very educated and was even considered to be a fool.

However, one day he fell in love with a princess named Vidyottama and decided to impress her with his knowledge.

He prayed to the goddess Kali, who blessed him with great knowledge and intelligence.

After gaining knowledge, Kalidasa became a famous poet and playwright.

He wrote many famous works, including Abhijnanasakuntalam, Malavikagnimitram, and Raghuvamsa.

Legend has it that Kalidasa was married to a beautiful but uneducated woman named Vimala.

He taught her Sanskrit and made her into a great scholar. She became his inspiration for many of his works.

According to another story, Kalidasa was once challenged by a group of scholars to write a hundred verses in a single night.

He accepted the challenge and prayed to Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge. She appeared to him and helped him complete the verses. This work is now known as the Meghaduta.

There are many stories about how Kalidasa died, but no one knows for sure.

One legend says that he died after being cursed by a woman he insulted.

Another story says that he died while trying to ascend to heaven in a chariot.

Another story as per the movie Kaviratna Kalidasa by Dr.Rajkumar says he died chanting the charma geete for his raja.
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Eminent Books and Poems of Kaviratna Kalidasa:

Kalidasa is known for his literary works which are still studied and admired for their artistic excellence, philosophical depth, and lyrical beauty.

Some of his famous works include:

  1. Abhijnanasakuntalam (The Recognition of Sakuntala): This is a romantic play that tells the story of King Dushyanta and the maiden Sakuntala. It is considered one of the most famous and influential works of ancient Indian literature.
  2. Meghaduta (The Cloud Messenger): This is a lyrical poem that describes the journey of a cloud messenger who travels from the Himalayan Mountains to the city of Alaka to deliver a message from a lovelorn Yaksha to his beloved.
  3. Raghuvamsa (The Dynasty of Raghu): This is an epic poem that celebrates the lineage of Lord Rama, the hero of the Hindu epic, Ramayana.
  4. Kumarasambhava (The Birth of Kumara): This is an epic poem that describes the birth and youth of Lord Kumara, the Hindu god of war and son of Lord Shiva and Parvati.

Kalidasa’s works have had a profound impact on Indian literature and continue to be studied and appreciated for their poetic genius and philosophical depth.
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Kalidasa and his Books/Poems Summaries:

1) Abhijnanasakuntalam (The Recognition of Sakuntala):

==> CHECK OUT THE BOOK OF Abhijnana Shakuntalam

  1. Abhijnanasakuntalam is a story about a princess named Shakuntala.
  2. Shakuntala lived in a forest with her friends and a sage named Durvasa.
  3. One day, a king named Dushyanta came to the forest and met Shakuntala.
  4. They fell in love and got married secretly.
  5. Later, Dushyanta had to leave Shakuntala and go back to his kingdom.
  6. Shakuntala was heartbroken and longed to see Dushyanta again.
  7. When she finally met him again, he didn’t recognize her, and she had to prove they were married.
  8. In the end, they were reunited and lived happily ever after.


2) Meghaduta (The Cloud Messenger):


  1. A lyrical poem that describes the journey of a cloud messenger from the Himalayan Mountains to the city of Alaka.
  2. Meghaduta is a poem about a cloud who is separated from his wife, another cloud, and is sent by his wife to deliver a message to her lover, who lives far away.
  3. The cloud travels over various landscapes like mountains, rivers, and forests, and describes what he sees to the lover through his message.
  4. Along the way, the cloud sees many beautiful sights, like the Himalayan mountains, the Ganges river, and the forests of Madhya Pradesh.
  5. The cloud also experiences changes in the seasons, like the monsoon rains and the blossoming of flowers.
  6. The cloud finally reaches the lover’s home but is unable to deliver the message in person because he is just a cloud.
  7. Instead, the cloud describes the lover’s home to him and asks him to come outside and feel the rain, which the cloud says is a message from his wife.
  8. The lover receives the message and sends his own message back to the cloud to thank him for his help.
  9. The poem ends with the cloud returning to his wife and the lover being reunited with his beloved.
  10. The poem is a masterpiece of Indian literature, known for its vivid descriptions of nature and the use of metaphor.
  11. The poem portrays the beauty of the Himalayan Mountains, the forests, and the rivers.


3) Raghuvamsa (The Dynasty of Raghu):

==> CHECK OUT THE BOOK OF Raghuvamsa

  1. Raghuvamsa is a story about a great Indian king named Raghu, who ruled a long time ago.
  2. Raghu was very powerful and had many sons and grandsons who were also great warriors and kings.
  3. One of his grandsons was named Rama, who is famous for his bravery and wisdom. He is the main character in another famous Indian epic, the Ramayana.
  4. Raghuvamsa tells the story of how Raghu’s descendants ruled their kingdom with honor and justice, and how they defended their people from enemies and monsters.
  5. The story also includes many beautiful descriptions of nature, such as mountains, forests, and rivers, which were important parts of Indian life and culture.
  6. The author of Raghuvamsa, Kalidasa, wrote the poem as a tribute to the greatness of Indian kings and their kingdoms.
  7. The poem is written in Sanskrit, which is an ancient Indian language that was used for many important religious and philosophical texts.
  8. An epic poem that celebrates the lineage of Lord Rama, the hero of the Hindu epic, Ramayana.
  9. The poem is considered one of the greatest works of Sanskrit literature.

4) Kumarasambhava (The Birth of Kumara):

==> CHECK OUT THE BOOK OF Kumarasambhava

Kumarasambhava is a book that tells the story of Lord Shiva and his wife, Parvati. It talks about how they fell in love and got married.

Kumarasambhava is a complex Sanskrit epic poem that requires a certain level of knowledge and comprehension of Indian mythology and culture.

The book also describes how they had a son named Kartikeya, who became a powerful warrior.

The story tells us how Lord Shiva helped the gods defeat the demon Tarakasura with the help of his son Kartikeya. Kumarasambhava is a very famous book in India and people have been reading it for many years.

Here is a full summary of Kumara Sambhava: 

  1. Kumarasambhava is a poem about the marriage of Shiva and Parvati, two of the most powerful gods in Hindu mythology.
  2. The poem begins with a description of the Himalayas, the mountain range where Shiva and Parvati reside.
  3. Parvati falls in love with Shiva and wants to marry him, but Shiva is reluctant because he is an ascetic and doesn’t want to be tied down by marriage.
  4. Parvati then decides to undergo severe penance to win Shiva’s heart, and after many years of meditation, she finally succeeds.
  5. Shiva and Parvati get married, and their union gives birth to Kartikeya, a powerful warrior who becomes the commander-in-chief of the gods.
  6. The poem also tells the story of the lineage of kings leading up to the birth of Rama, the hero of the Ramayana, who is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu, another important Hindu god.
  7. Throughout the poem, there are many descriptions of gods, goddesses, and mythical creatures, as well as themes of love, devotion, and the power of nature.
  8. It teaches us about love, family, and courage.
  9. If you read it, you might learn something new and interesting about Lord Shiva and his family.

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Despite the many myths and legends surrounding his life, Kaviratna Kalidasa’s work has endured for centuries and continues to inspire people to this day.

Because of the intensity and the high profess required to understand his books and poems, many haven’t been able to secure his knowledge!

With a high level of knowledge of the legend Kaviratna Kalidasa, he is the most celebrated Kavi among our poets.

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